Ease of Collection
Cord blood banking is a risk-free procedure that is safe for the mother and the baby. There is no pain experienced on both sides when extracting blood from the umbilical cord. The collection process can also be performed at the same time when the umbilical cord is cut after birth. This is unlike bone marrow extraction which is an invasive surgical procedure that requires anesthetic induction. Additionally, bone marrow collection has the risk of inherent risks.
Successful stem cell transplants can only occur if they are compatible or match those of the receiver. Occasionally, stem cells can be easily accessed from public databases. However, the process of finding a perfect match is time-consuming as well as posing the risk of complications arising from unmatched transfusions. Genetically, blood relatives can provide match stem cells leading to successful transplants.
Individual stem cells are the most solid perfect match for an operation. It has been determined that siblings also have a higher percent (25%)chance of becoming stem cell donors as well as partial donors (50%). This translates to a collective 75% chance of sibling becoming a match. Parents have an absolute probability of being a partial match for their sibling as they provide markers used in matching.
Lower Post-Transplant Complications
Cord blood stem cells have a better and higher chance of being accepted by the body. Similarly, they offer a significant reduction in health complications arising from transplants. There is a considerably reduced risk of GVHD which is a post-transplant graft-versus-host disease.
The disease occurs when transplanted cells attack the host body due to rejection by the somatic cells in the host. The risk of suffering GVHD is dependent on the relationship between the donor and the receiver.
Factually, identical twins have a meager chance of suffering GVHD while blood relatives have a 34%-44% chance of contracting GVHD. Unrelated donors and receivers have 60%-80% of suffering GVHD.
Cord blood stem cells are generally clean and have not been contaminated by latent viruses. This increases the chances of better acceptance by the host or receivers body. On the hand, stem cells from other unrelated sources or public databases may be contaminated due to exposure.
Diverse Medical Uses
Cord blood is enriched with stem cells that can be morphed into any type of blood cells via medical procedures. These newly formed blood cells can be used as disease combatants against fatal diseases like leukemia and other cancer forms, sickle-cell anemia as well as disorders associated with metabolism. The cord blood banking ensures that if any family member suffers from any of these diseases , they have hope for cure .
Ease of Access
Individuals who pay to have their cord blood stored in a private bank have easier access. Having blood reserved in a private bank ensures it can only be used by a member of own one’s family . In addition to that it cannot be allotted to another family and neither can it be donated for any research. In contrast to banking in a public bank where the blood is easily accessible, any, member of the public who is compatible can have the blood, and it may not be existent for when one’s family member needs it.